What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a severe gum infection that damages the soft tissue around teeth and may lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Although prevalent, gum disease can usually be prevented through proper oral care and regular dental checkups.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Healthy gums are firm and snugly fit around teeth. Symptoms of gum disease include swollen or puffy gums, red or dark purple gums, tender gums, bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, pus between teeth and gums, loose teeth, painful chewing, receding gums, and changes in bite.

When to Consult a Dentist

Follow your dentist’s recommended schedule for checkups and consult them promptly if you notice any symptoms of gum disease. Early treatment, including laser gum treatment in Katy, TX increases the chances of reversing gum damage.

Causes of Gum Disease

Plaque buildup is the primary cause of gum disease. It forms on teeth when starches and sugars in food interact with bacteria found in the mouth. If untreated, plaque hardens into tartar, which can only be removed through professional dental cleaning. Persistent plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease. Untreated gingivitis can progress to gum disease, causing deep pockets between gums and teeth, leading to tissue and bone loss.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of gum disease include gingivitis, poor oral care habits, smoking or tobacco use, hormonal changes, recreational drug use, obesity, poor nutrition, genetics, certain medications, weakened immune system, and diseases like diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.

Gum disease can lead to tooth loss and may contribute to other health issues like respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, coronary artery disease, and diabetes complications. To prevent gum disease, practice good oral care by brushing teeth at least twice daily, flossing once daily, and visiting your Katy, TX dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups. Contact us to book your next appointment.

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